主 题：Grandchild Care and Female Labor Supply: Evidence from a Universal Child Care Program in China
主讲人：Dr. Qing Wang (Associate professor at HSBC Business School of Peking University)
时 间：June 15th (Friday): 12:30-14:00PM
地 点：Room 213, Shuishang Teaching Building
The employment supportive effects on mothers of the universal and subsidized child care policy have generated extensive research interests in previous literature. Elderly women or grandmothers are highly involved in grandchild care. However, little is known about how their employment responds to a child care policy. This paper fills the gap by evaluating the effects of strengthening accessibility to formal child care facilities on elderly women＇s labor supply. Using the first universal child care program in China, we develop a Differences-in-Differences strategy to identify the causal effects. Exploiting the variation in the expansion of child care across provinces and years, we find that the child care program has a strong and robust positive effect on promoting labor force participation of females between 40 and 60 years old with preschool grandchildren. A further investigation into the hours worked per week indicates that the policy effect is mostly at the extensive margins, rather at the intensive margins. The effect is more significant for wage earners with higher educational attainment and from higher-income families.
Introduction of the Speaker
Dr. Wang is an assistant professor at Peking University HSBC Business School. She obtains Ph.D. in Economics from University of Illinois and B.A. and M.A. from Renmin University of China. Her research interests include demographic and labor economics, development economics, public policy and entrepreneurship. Her current research focuses on the impact of public policy on entrepreneurship and innovation. Her work is published on Journal of Comparative Economics, Health Economics, International Migration Review, Review of Development Economics, and China & World Economy.